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Photo credit: Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University

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Culture: Chinese
Title: Cursive Script Calligraphy
Date: Ming Dynasty (16th century)
Medium: Hanging scroll: ink on paper
Dimensions: : 43.5039 x 15.2362 in.; 110.5 x 38.7 cm
Credit Line: Acquired through the generousity of Judith Stoikov, Class of 1963
Object Number: 99.032
Label Text: Feng Fang, who hailed from Ningbo, Zhejiang province, took first place in the juren examinations in 1519 in Hangzhou, but was not so successful as an official. His father, Feng Xi (1468-1537) served as chancellor of the Hanlin Academy in Nanjing, but political intrigues led to eventual banishment, which also affected the son's career.

Feng Fang possessed an important collection of rare books, paintings and calligraphy, which had an impact on his own work. He gained notoriety for rather controversial Confucian writings, as well as for his knowledge of the classics and his ability as a calligrapher. This is a fine example of his wild cursive style, inspired by mid-Ming dynasty masters such as Zhu Yunming (1461-1527), who rejected orthodox court-official style in favor of a more direct, natural approach inspired by the eighth-century monk Huaisu.

NOTE: This electronic record is compiled from historic documentation which may not reflect the Johnson Museum's complete or current knowledge of the object. Review and refinement of such records is ongoing.