Title: Tang Wang Zhijing Jingang jing (The Diamond Sutra copied by Wang Zhijing)
Ink rubbing, mounted as a book
Dimensions: Approx. (closed dims): 14 x 18 1/2 x 1/2 in. (35.6 x 47 x 1.3 cm)
Gift of Yu Kan Tu and Roger Tu, Class of 1995
Object Number: 2010.070.002
Ink rubbing books served as manuals for learning and copying the masterpieces of the past, an essential practice of Chinese calligraphy. The ancient calligraphic works were preserved by carefully carving them into stone, from which ink rubbings could be made and widely disseminated. This ink rubbing was made from a Tang dynasty (618–907) carving of a fourth-century calligraphy, and compiled into a book around the turn of the twentieth century.
Wang Zhijing is the courtesy name of Wang Xianzhi (344–386), whose calligraphy was admired for its artistic innovation, assertiveness and elegance. Wang Xianzhi was the seventh and youngest son of Wang Xizhi (303–361), the great calligraphy master of the Jin dynasty who famously wrote one of the most important works of the Chinese calligraphy canon, the Preface to the Orchid Pavilion Gathering. ("Xu Bing: The Character of Characters," curated by Ellen Avril and presented at the Johnson Museum August 11-December 23, 2018)
NOTE: This electronic record is compiled from historic documentation which may not reflect the Johnson Museum's complete or current knowledge of the object. Review and refinement of such records is ongoing.