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Photo credit: Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University

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Culture: Near Eastern
Title: Leaf from a Qur'an
Date: 9th or 10th century
Medium: Kufic script: ink, color, and gold on vellum
Dimensions: Sheet: 9 x 11 1/2 inches (22.9 x 29.2 cm) Mat: 14 x 18 inches (35.6 x 45.7 cm)
Credit Line: George and Mary Rockwell Collection
Object Number: 2000.029.001
Label Text: The Qur’an, or “recitation,” is the word of God (Allah) revealed to the prophet Muhammad. Early Qur’ans were transcribed in Kufic script arranged in a horizontal format on vellum (parchment). The scribe used a reed pen for the rather spare script, which is read from right to left, and carefully attended to the squat angular letters and straight horizontal strokes.

Because different sounds might be shared by a single letter of the Arabic alphabet, the red diacritical marks guide the reader to the correct pronunciation.

NOTE: This electronic record is compiled from historic documentation which may not reflect the Johnson Museum's complete or current knowledge of the object. Review and refinement of such records is ongoing.